We are The Ev Structure Company an independent authority on Electric Vehicle Service Equipment (EVSE) and Charging Station Electrical Infrastructures. Our current infrastructure and installation clients include Action Properties, Enterprise Rental Car, Kohl's Retail Chain, a contractor team for Auto Makers such as BMW & SPX -GM Chevy VOLT, OpConnect who took over The Better Place Network in Hawaii,Car Charging Group (formerly Blink Network), BMW, ABM, Deployment Partners, as well as the Go-To Company for Cities, Municipalities and Universities nationally. We understand all the components for detailed electrical planning, installation and service. We take "CHARGE" of all EV readiness programs with a "cradle to grave" plan.

Our Services include: objective expert advice and sourcing to the HOA, AOAO, Multi Unit Dwelling Communities, Commercial, Retail, Public, Government and Residential EV decision makers including: property owner and managers specializing in HOA/ AOAO/MUD properties, fleet and facilities managers, corporate CFOs and HR teams, government officials, LEED builders and consumers. Your resource for EV info including EV Charging Station options, acquisition, business models, policy, financial impact, tax and grant incentives and installation requirements for standard grid, smart grid and/or PV solar implementation with Solar Car Port Structures.

Our team can work with your Property Management Staff, On-site Property Manager and or HOA/ AOAO homeowner's board, Real Estate Companies, and municipalities. We provide a full analysis of EV Charging Station Infrastructure, and can create a detailed EV readiness plan including site plans, energy auditing load calculations, equipment leasing & acquisition, cost analysis, EVSE vendor selection, engineering, CCNR/Bi- Law policies, unit installation/commissioning and ongoing KWH monitoring billing services and equipment service support. In addition, we provide complete turnkey solutions and project management for small to large sized EV fleets, low to high rise properties (Deeded parking), retail - commercial parking and parking garages for EV Charging Station implementations.


EV Chargers


If you’ve ever wondered how Nissan is making batteries for the LEAF, then you’re in luck. Here we have an infographic, photos and video from Nissan’s UK battery plant.

There is a lot of special equipment that needs a check from time to time and it seems that humans are doing only some assembly work on the modules and packs.

It seems rather empty inside the facility.

EV Batteries


EV Mobile App

How far do plug-in electric vehicles go on a charge?

The advertised range for plug-in hybrid electric vehicles varies from 11 to 38 electric-drive miles between charges, depending on battery size and vehicle design, and about 300-600 miles on gasoline. If the vehicle is plugged in every day as recommended, it may be possible to drive 1,000 to 2,000 miles or more between gasoline fill-ups.

The advertised range of battery electric vehicles varies by model from about 84 miles (Nissan LEAF) to 265 miles (Tesla Model S). Each driver's experience is different. Range depends heavily on the driver's individual driving habits, weather, and environmental conditions. As a starting point, a new battery electric vehicle driver can to expect to achieve about 80% of the advertised range.

Studies show that limited range is less problematic for most battery electric vehicle drivers than they initially expected. Most drivers find their daily driving is well within the vehicle's range. On days with more driving, they use public or workplace charging during the day or swap cars with another number of their household. Many drivers become comfortable enough with the vehicle's range for a couple of days between charges.

What environmental factors could affect vehicle performance?

Ambient air temperature affects driver and passengers heating and cooling needs, requiring the use of energy, otherwise available to power the plug-in electric vehicle. In cold weather, electricity is needed to heat the passenger cabin and defrost or defog the windows plus the vehicle's battery is a little less efficient at low temperatures. In hot weather, significant electricity is needed for the air-conditioning system, although its energy use is less than that required to accelerate the vehicle and maintain highway speeds. In short, during very hot and cold weather, and in certain driving conditions such as being stuck in traffic, the range of a plug-in electric vehicle will be reduced. Automakers continue to make progress on technologies that reduce the extreme temperature effect.

Windshield wipers, headlights, and similar accessories do not have a significant effect on range and should always be used to ensure safe driving.

BMW i8

What sizes and styles of plug-in electric vehicles are available?

Currently, most battery electric vehicles and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles are compact or mid-size cars, but manufactures plan to introduce more mid-size models as well as delivery vans and SUVs. The plug-in electric vehicle market will evolve, as has the hybrid market over the last decade. For example, today, hybrid vehicles are available in nearly every class.

Are all vehicles available for purchase throughout the United States?

It is common for manufacturers to introduce new vehicle technology slowly and methodically. Given early production limitations and the need to train and equip dealers and service technicians, manufacturers will often rollout plug-in electric vehicles in select markets, then expand availability in response to market demand and readiness. Many models are available only in California, Oregon, and some Northeast states.

How, when, and where will I charge my vehicle?

Plug-in electric vehicles can be charged from a standard 120V outlet and industry experts are calling charging stations the new household appliance. While vehicles typically come with a 120V charging cord, many owners choose to install a dedicated 240V charging station at home for faster charging. Dedicated 240V charging stations with capacities of 3kW to 7kW - about the same power draw as a residential clothes dryer or an air conditioning system - are available and can fully charge most vehicles in 3 to 8 hours, or about 8 to 12 miles per hour of charging. All vehicles except Tesla are equipped with standard J1772 connectors. (Tesla has it's own connector).

You can charge your vehicle battery any time you have access to standard outlet or charging station but you'll probably find it most convenient to charge at home. Many utilities offer lower time-of-use or special plug-in electric vehicle rates to encourage charging overnight when electricity is plentiful.

Sometimes drivers need to recharge during the day, away from home. The number of public and workplace charging stations is growing rapidly, especially in markets where plug-in electric vehicle sales are robust. Today's plug-in electric vehicle drivers can use the services of one of many subscription charging service providers, such as Opconnect, ChargePoint or Blink, and take advantage of a wide array of in-vehicle software and external smartphone apps that locate charging stations and guide them to the nearest station from their current location. Many cities and regions have proactively developed public infrastructure to support plug-in electric vehicles. In some regions, however, public charging infrastructure does not currently exist and will not likely be common for some time.

Other issues arise with charging for Multi Unit Dwellings. ,The EvStructure Company specializes in this area and helps guide property managers and BOARD OF DIRECTORS of properties .

In addition to 120V and 240V charging, commercial-grade fast charging station networks are expanding across the country - in Hawaii and the Pacific Northwest, California, and elsewhere. A fast charger can charge a properly equipped battery electric vehicle to 80% full in 30 minutes or less. Not all vehicles, however, are fast charging capable. Tesla has developed its own Supercharger fast charging network exclusively to serve Tesla drivers.

Government Incentives

What incentives are available?

The federal government offers a tax credit up to $7,500 toward the purchase of a qualified plug-in electric vehicle. Many states and even some countries offer vehicle purchase incentives and rebates. In some regions of the country, incentives are also available for the purchase or installation of a charging station. In some urban areas, plug-in vehicles are granted access to carpool lanes with a single driver. Other perks, such as free or priority parking and free charging are available in many cities. All of these incentives, which are designed to entice consumers to consider purchasing a plug-in electric vehicle, are subject to limitations and may change over time as the market develops.

What should I consider in making a purchase?

Consider driver needs and lifestyle. Plug-in hybrids, for example, provide a worry-free transition to electrically powered vehicles thanks to the back-up internal combustion engine. This eliminates concerns about running out of battery power. If you have a second place to charge during the day, typically at work, you can effectively double the electric range of your plug-in hybrid. If you have only one car, or often drive long distance, a plug-in hybrid could be a good choice.

Battery electric vehicles have much larger batteries than plug-in hybrids and can usually drive more electric miles per day. The limited range of the battery, on the other hand, requires drivers to carefully consider their driving habits. As the public charging infrastructures develops over the next few years, many areas will have sufficient locations for battery electric vehicles to charge when necessary, alleviating concerns about range. If you have a predictable commute, access to a second car for long trips, or if the idea of gasoline-free driving experience appeals to you, a battery electric vehicle could be a good choice.

Consider costs and benefits. With manufacturers’ lease options, utility time-of-use rates, and government purchase incentives, plug-in electric vehicles can be less expensive to operate over their lifetime despite costing more upfront. For more information, read EPRI publication, "Total Cost of Ownership for Current Plug-in Electric Vehicles. Updates to Model 2013 and 2014 Model Year Vehicles" (Product ID 3002004054).

Consider environmental benefits. Plug-in electric vehicles have lower emissions than gasoline-powered vehicles, even in areas where much of the electricity is generated by power plants that use fossil fuels such as coal or natural gas. For more information, read EPRI publication, Environmental Assessment of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles" (Product ID 1015325).

How can I learn more?

Explore automakers' websites for product updates and check your local electric utility website for information about plug-in electric vehicles. Other sources include

Electric Drive Transportation Association and
U.S. Dept. of Energy Alternative Fuels Date Center
Plug in America< br/>

EV Facts


Network Network Access Cost
AeroVironment Monthly subscription
$19.99 per month
$4.00-$7.50 per charge
Blink Pay-as-you-go $0.39-$0.79 per kWh OR
$6.99-$9.99 per charge
ChargePoint Pay-as-you-go
$25 initial fee
Cost per charge varies
GE WattStation Connect Pay-as-you-go Cost per charge varies
Greenlots SKY Monthly subscription
Subscription costs and cost per charge vary
NRG eVgo Monthly subscription
Cost per charge varies by region
Opconnect Credit Card Capabilities
Cost per charge varies by region Hawaii 2.00 an hour
SemaConnect Pay-as-you-go $20 initial fee
Cost per charge varies
Tesla Free N/A


Multi-Unit Dwelling and EV Charging

So you've been eyeing the new models of plug-in electric vehicles and thinking about buying or leasing one. You like the idea of saving money on gasoline and doing your part to clean air. But, as a renter or condo owner, you wonder if you'll be able to charge your new car at home and what you'll need to do to convince your property manager to install a charging station.

Property Benefits:

Here are some points you might use to persuade managers to install charging.

  • Charging stations will give the property a positive "green" image, which can be used for marketing.
  • Charging stations can help make the property a leader in sustainable practices
  • As the PEV market grows, the number of requests of charging will undoubtedly grow.
  • Charging stations can provide Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design (LEED) points for the property.

Do your Homework

Start by educating yourself and helping your property manager understand the options.

  • Demand. A resident survey is a good way to find out how many residents already have PEVs or plan to buy them. Find a link to a sample survey in the Additional Resources section
  • Decision-making process. How do you obtain permission to install a charger? By law, condo property managers cannot prohibit the installation of charging, but they can set requirements and conditions.
  • Logistics. Whether parking is assigned, deeded or first-come, first served, each option has its own set of considerations.
  • Electrical capacity. Do resident units have their own electric meters, are they accessible from the parking area and is there spare electrical capacity? Do common area meters, such as those for security lighting or laundry rooms, have spare electrical capacity? Are new service meters needed for the chargers?
  • Charging choices. There are different levels of charging and dozens of brands of equipment. The units and features your choose will depend on your specific property's requirements and will determine associated costs.
  • Cost recovery. Make clear that you are willing to cover or share the cost of the charger installation
  • Incentives. Some local and regional incentives for charging station installations may be available to individuals and businesses.
  • Neighbors. Find other PEV advocates among your neighbors to help you present your request and to demonstrate the level of support within the community. Address neighbors' concerns.

Overcome Concerns

Prepare responses to concerns that may be raised Below lists some examples.

Concern Responses
No one will use it. PEV sales are growing and so is the demand for home charging. We can survey tenants to see how many currently own or hope to buy PEVs. We can start small with one or two chargers and plan to expand as needed.
It's to expensive. There are many options for chargers and charging locations that can minimize cost and incentives or grants may also be available.
No one else is doing it so why should we? With the PEV market continuing to grow, property owners across the county are responding to residents' requests.
How will this effect our electricity costs? Some utilities offer special residential rates for PEV charging during off-peak hours. Residents could be encouraged to charge during off-peak hours if the chargers are connected to a community meter. We could charge PEV drivers a flat rate for their electricity usage (especially if using wall outlets). Depending on the building architecture, the charging station may be connected directly to the resident's electric meter.
How will this impact the number of parking spaces available? Designating parking spaces for PEV charging should not impact the number of the parking spaces required by local authorities.

Think Outside the Box

Despite your property manager's best intentions, it may be too difficult or too expensive to install charging at your multi-unit residence at this time. Other options may be available, including:

  • Low-level charging. A 110-volt or low Level 2 charger may work, as well as high-power Level 2 charging, and be easier to fit into the building's electrical capacity.
  • Charging at work. Workplace charging is growing rapidly, and may provide an option for drivers who cannot install charging at home.
  • Car sharing. Car sharing services are purchasing PEVs and may provide a viable option.
  • Third-party managers. Your property manager could contract with a third party, which would install, own and operate the charging unit. You would pay a monthly fee for the charger, which may also include access to other chargers in the provider's network.


EV Chargers

The U.S. Department of Energy says California has 1,840 electric-vehicle charging stations offering a combined 5,445 EV charging outlets. Nationwide, there are 8,514 charging stations with 20,729 EV outlets.

Vehicle Reach:

EV charging stations can be used by all-electric vehicles, plug-in hybrid vehicles and electric low-speed vehicles.


Sophisticated EV charging stations can cost thousands of dollars, but Auburn-based ClipperCreek Inc. touts a 240-volt version starting at $395. Costs to charge a plug-in vehicle vary widely. Some plug-in stations are free; some charge monthly/annual fees (as low as $20-$30 a year) for access to EV networks; others list low hourly rates.

Useful Sites:

To find maps of local, public and private charging stations nationwide and in Canada:

To compare costs of operating electric vehicles, based on your commute and access to charging stations: The UC Davis Institute of Transportation Studies "EV Explorer" site, at, and the U.S. Department of Energy

Types of EV Chargers:

Level 1 refers to an AC 120-volt household outlet, which connects to a car via a plug-in cord. It's the cheapest option, but also the slowest. Full-charge times vary by vehicle but generally take five to 18 hours.

Level 2 chargers use a 240-volt AC outlet, typically found at shopping malls, retail centers, parking garages, EV fleet operations and government buildings. Because of higher voltage, the charging time is faster, generally three to eight hours, depending on the vehicle.

Level 3 also known as high-voltage "fast DC" charging, refers to a direct battery charge that can reach 80 percent capacity in 30 minutes. Level 3 chargers typically are found at airports, commercial sites and along major transportation corridors.

Sources: U.S. Department of Energy, Bee research


Orion Residential Cantilevar

Technical Information

Structure System

  • Structures: 2 cars/per unit
  • 4kW - 5.2kW/per unit (18 / 21 solar modules, 220W-250W/pc)
  • Power Generation Area/per unit:29 meter square
  • Slope angle:5 degrees
  • The structure and components are pre-engineered and pre-fabricated to meet/exceed industry standards and prevailing building codes
  • Dimensions:
  • Structure Width/per unit: ~18' (5,500mm)
  • Space Width/per car:~9' (2,750mm)/car
  • Structure Height (Front): >9.5' (3,000m)
  • Structure Height (Back):>8.2' (2,500mm)
  • Structure is scalable to any project size

Structure Material

  • Steel / Galvanizing
  • Shop fabricated in strict accordance with AISC Steel Building Structures and AWS welding requirements and codes


  • Concrete piers protect structural steel from vehicle damage
  • All exposed structural steel, bolts and welds are typically 2' above asphalt, minimizing corrosive effects from water and salt

Universal PV Components

  • Supports all commercially available solar panels inverters and exterior rated combiner boxes


  • Customization available to satisfy client preferences and IES light level requirements by our partner DECO Lighting
  • Integrated light options include energy efficient LED and induction fixtures

Branding and Advertising

  • Creates additional revenue opportunities

Charging Station

  • Integrates with commercially available OEM electric vehicle charging systems


  • Significantly Reduce Complicated Engineering w/ Template & Modular Design
  • Product can scale from residential to large commercial applications w/ ease
  • Greatly reduce installation time & labor costs w/ pre-assembled components
  • Easy minimal assembly w/ no dangerous welding required
  • Minimal man hours mean do more w/ less time & money


  • No roof penetrations and potential maintenance issue
  • Provide shade & protect from harmful sun/elements
  • Demonstrate "Green" Awareness & Increase customer/ employee loyalty
  • Add car charging unit(s) and increase value for patrons w/ "Plug-in Hybrids"
  • Maximize wasted space by generating clean/renewable energy
  • Earn coveted LEED points

Assembly Figure

Component List

Orion Residential Cantilevar

Shipping Methods

Each of the containers can contain

  • 1.40' container will fit 10 unit of carport main structure
  • 10 main support beams
  • 36 cross beams
  • 54 racking support
Orion Residential Cantilevar




A Property Manager, Property Management Company
or Homeowners Association Board Member interested in how to
deploy EV chargers for Multi- Dwelling Units

(i.e. DEEDED Parking issues & Common Area KWH usage billing issues)


A large employer considering EV Charging Stations at your facility
A municipality considering Public EV Charging for an EV Readiness plan
A fleet manager investigating EV trade-offs and charging infrastructure
A business or land owner seeking advice on EV Charging Station deployment
A LEED builder provisioning EV chargers for additional LEED points


An EV Charging Station Supplier seeking regional deployment
A Renewable Energy Company developing an EVSE strategy
An Auto Dealer seeking advice on EV infrastructure options for Electric vehicle buyers
An Electrical Contractor seeking EV Charging Station information advice and training
A PV Solar Manufacture looking to partner for Solar EV charging car ports
If so we can help











Galileo Cng Products


CNG is undoubtedly one of the fuels of the future. We've heard a lot about unpolluted energies, but few of them useful in a massive way. Meanwhile, pollution has reached unbearable levels. CNG combines experience, low costs, low contamination, availability, and can be used in a wide range of possibilities.

Galileo products are engineered specificaly for the automotive transportation industry unlike other CNG compression and filling products that have been adapted from natural gas products engineered for residential and commercial uses.

EV Structure has positioned itself with Galileo's exclusive U.S. distributor Clean Fuel Connection Inc. and we are proud to bring these products and technologies to you.

For more information on our line of Galileo CNG products please call us at 866-647-5638.


Contact Information:

Todd Ritter - C.G.B.P.
Arun Siruth - C.E.M. C.E.A.
Justine Espiritu- Executive Assistant:
Andrew D' Alfonso- Eng. C-10:
Mike Miller- Eng. C-13:
James Bond - Advertising Network:

More Contact Information:

Pete Bracco - Structural Engineering - CA. P.E.
Don Huio - Structural Engineering - HI. PE.
Ele Browning - Geo Technical Intern
Project Manager:
Electrical Engineer:
Emilio J. Tirado-Vales - C.P.A. Accounting
Purto Rico Operations
General Inquiries:

California Office

3579 East Foothill Blvd.
Pasadena, CA 91107
Toll Free: 866-647-5638
Phone: 818.224.0659
LIC # CA 84259

Hawaii Office

1670 Makaloa St.
Honolulu, Hi 96814
Toll Free: 866-647-5638
Phone: 808.352.3044
LIC # HI. C-26849

San Juan Offices

400 calle Calaf
Ste 505
San Juan, Puerto Rico 00918-1314

Oakland Offices

827 Broadway
Ste 340
Oakland, CA 94607